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MDF Stands for Medium Density Fibreboard
- Oct 01, 2018 -

Fibreboard, in all its densities, is made from wood fibres. Those would be little tiny pieces of hardwood or softwood. Mix these with some resin and wax, then heat it up and press it together, and you get fibreboard.

That explains fibreboard, you say, now what about medium density? Medium relative to what? 

Low density fibreboard is usually called particle board. Particle board is made out of even smaller pieces than MDF - even sawdust can be used to make particle board. That makes particle board inexpensive, but it also makes it weaker than MDF.

There is also such a thing as high density fibreboard, and it has its own name too - hardboard. To make hardboard, more heat and pressure is required than with the other fibreboards, but adhesives are usually not required. Hardboard is quite strong, but can also be an expensive material.